The Varieties of Nonprofit Organizations and Local Hazard Mitigation Efforts


  • Hyunjung Ji The University of Alabama
  • Jungwon Yeo University of Central Florida
  • Won No Ministry of Personnel Management, South Korea



Nonprofit Organizations and Hazard Mitigation, Local Hazard Mitigation, Types of Nonprofit Organizations, Disaster Management


This study examines how different types of NPOs influence local governments’ hazard mitigation efforts. Based on Marquis et al. (2013), we categorized NPOs into three types and analyzed a county-level dataset (N=1,626) with fixed-effect Poisson regression. Findings indicate that counties with a greater number of NPOs working for enhancing the overall community’s social welfare are more likely to develop hazard mitigation projects. In contrast, the prevalence of elite-oriented NPOs that focus on selective community constituents is negatively associated with local governments’ hazard mitigation project development. This study provides important implications for the critical roles of NPOs in facilitating hazard mitigation efforts in relationships with local governments.

Author Biographies

Hyunjung Ji, The University of Alabama

Hyunjung Ji is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Alabama. Dr. Ji’s research interests lie at the nexus of sustainability, resilience, and environmental governance. Combining her training in public policy and management, she conducts research on how public and private organizations’ policies impact society, with an emphasis on sustainability and risk management policies.

Jungwon Yeo, University of Central Florida

Jungwon Yeo is an Associate Professor in Public Administration and Emergency Management at the University of Central Florida. Dr. Yeo’s research focuses on management and policy issues in times of crisis, particularly related to collective action and co-production among government, nonprofits, and civil society, as well as on accountability, ethics, leadership, and DEI and their impact on public service provision. 

Won No, Ministry of Personnel Management, South Korea

Won No is Deputy Director in the Smart Learning and R&D Division at the National Human Resources Development Institute, Ministry of Personnel Management, South Korea. Dr. No’s research focuses on improving organizational performance through increasing stakeholder’s participation in the government decision-making process. Stakeholders include individual citizens, nonprofits and civil society, and other levels of government. 






Research Articles