Does Gender Congruence Make a Difference in Female Members’ Volunteering Behaviors?


  • Khaldoun AbouAssi American University



Volunteering, Membership Associations, Gender Congruence


This article examines the association between gender congruence—the extent to which members and senior managers or leaders are of the same gender—and volunteering behaviors of members in membership associations. Recognizing several limitations, we find that greater gender congruence has a positive effect on the breadth of volunteering (number of activities) as well as the level of satisfaction associated with these activities among female members. However, gender congruence is neither significantly related to the likelihood of volunteering nor to the depth of volunteering. In other words, having female figures in leadership positions do not necessarily mean that female members will be more likely to volunteer or assume more intense volunteer responsibilities.

Author Biography

Khaldoun AbouAssi, American University

Khaldoun AbouAssi is an associate professor of public administration and policy in the Department of Public Administration and Policy at the American University’s School of Public Affairs. He holds a Ph.D. in Public Administration from the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University. His primary research focuses on public and non-profit management, examining organizational capacity, resources, and inter-organizational relations.






Research Articles