Ethics in the Hollow State: Distinguishing between Nonprofit and For-Profit Agents of Prisoner Reentry


  • LeAnn Beaty Eastern Kentucky University



New public management, a reform movement that shifted the provision of public goods and services towards private institutions, is firmly entrenched in the United States. The Hollow State, a metaphor often used synonymously with contracting out, reflects the growing trend of using non-governmental networks–often nonprofits but also for-profit organizations–to deliver social services to vulnerable groups. This article, which draws from the author’s dissertation, examines differences in nonprofit and for-profit prisoner reentry agencies. The findings suggest that nonprofit/for-profit differences are eroding as the nonprofit sector becomes more competitive with the private sector for government contracts.

Author Biography

LeAnn Beaty, Eastern Kentucky University

LeAnn Beaty is a Professor in the Department of Government at Eastern Kentucky University. Dr. Beaty’s research focuses on public administration reforms, women’s leadership in local government, and the distinctions between private, nonprofit and for-profit organizations that facilitate prisoner reintegration. Her work can be found in several journals including Journal of Public Affairs Education, Public Administration Quarterly, and The CASE Journal.






Research Articles